The Supreme Court Great Overturned Roe v. Wade 2 Years Ago: Here’s What’s Happened Since

By Jun 24, 2024

The Supreme Court Great Overturned

The Supreme-Two years have passed since the US Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, ending the nearly 50-year constitutional right to an abortion. The landmark decision has fundamentally reshaped the landscape of reproductive rights in America, triggering intense political battles and significant changes at both state and federal levels. This article delves into the developments since the overturning of Roe v. Wade, the current status of abortion laws across the country, and the ongoing fight for reproductive rights as we approach the 2024 elections.

The Supreme-The Overturning of Roe v. Wade

The Supreme-The Supreme-The Supreme-On June 24, 2022, the Supreme Court, in a landmark decision, overturned Roe v. Wade with its ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization. The decision effectively removed federal protection for abortion rights, returning the power to regulate abortion to individual states. This historic reversal immediately spurred a wave of legislative activity as states moved to either restrict or protect abortion rights.

The Supreme

The Supreme-Immediate Aftermath: State-Level Responses

The Supreme-Following the Supreme Court’s decision, a patchwork of laws emerged across the United States. States with previously enacted “trigger laws” saw immediate bans on abortion come into effect. As of now, 14 states have implemented total or near-total bans on abortion. These states include Alabama, Arkansas, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

The Supreme-States with Restrictive Laws

The Supreme-In these states, the impact on reproductive healthcare has been profound. Clinics have closed, and women seeking abortions have faced significant hurdles, including traveling long distances to access services in states where abortion remains legal. The enforcement of these bans has also varied, with some states imposing strict penalties on healthcare providers who perform abortions, while others have faced legal challenges that have temporarily blocked the enforcement of these laws.

-The Supreme-States Protecting Abortion Rights

The Supreme-Conversely, several states have taken steps to protect and expand access to abortion. States like California, New York, and Illinois have passed laws safeguarding abortion rights and have positioned themselves as “sanctuaries” for women seeking abortions. These states have not only protected the right to an abortion within their borders but have also worked to shield residents and visitors from prosecution related to abortion services received within the state.

National Trends in Abortion Rates

Despite the restrictive measures in numerous states, recent data shows that abortion rates in the United States have reached a decade-long high. This increase is attributed to several factors, including heightened public awareness, greater availability of telemedicine for abortion services, and the increased distribution of medication abortion pills.

The Political Landscape and the 2024 Election

The issue of abortion rights has become a central theme in the upcoming 2024 elections. Candidates across the political spectrum are using their stances on abortion to galvanize voters. Reproductive freedom advocates are actively working to get measures preserving reproductive rights on the November ballot in key states. These measures aim to let voters directly decide on the future of abortion rights in their respective states, bypassing legislative bodies that may be more conservative.

Key Ballot Initiatives

Several states are expected to feature ballot initiatives aimed at protecting reproductive rights. These initiatives are part of a broader strategy by reproductive rights advocates to enshrine abortion protections in state constitutions, making it more difficult for future legislatures to roll back these rights.

Legal Battles and Judicial Rulings

Since the overturning of Roe v. Wade, the legal landscape surrounding abortion has been marked by a series of high-profile court cases. Federal and state courts have become battlegrounds for determining the legality of restrictive abortion laws and the protections offered by state constitutions.

Federal Challenges

On the federal level, there have been multiple challenges to state abortion bans. These challenges often argue that the bans violate constitutional rights other than those previously recognized under Roe v. Wade, such as the right to travel and equal protection under the law. Some cases have reached the federal appellate courts, setting the stage for potentially significant rulings that could further shape abortion access across the country.

State-Level Court Rulings

At the state level, courts have issued varied rulings on abortion-related cases. In some instances, state courts have blocked the enforcement of restrictive abortion laws, citing protections under state constitutions. In others, courts have upheld bans, leading to an increasingly fragmented legal landscape where a woman’s access to abortion is heavily dependent on her state of residence.

Societal Impact and Public Opinion

The overturning of Roe v. Wade has also had profound societal impacts, influencing public opinion and sparking widespread activism. Polls indicate a majority of Americans support some level of access to abortion, with significant opposition to total bans. This shift in public opinion has translated into increased activism, with both pro-choice and pro-life groups mobilizing to influence policy and public perception.

Grassroots Movements

Grassroots movements have played a crucial role in the ongoing fight for reproductive rights. Organizations advocating for reproductive freedom have intensified their efforts, organizing rallies, educational campaigns, and lobbying for protective legislation. On the other side, pro-life groups continue to advocate for more restrictive laws and support for alternatives to abortion, such as adoption and parental support programs.

Healthcare and Access to Services

The healthcare landscape for reproductive services has also changed dramatically. In states with restrictive laws, many clinics that previously provided abortions have either closed or drastically reduced their services. This has created significant access issues, particularly for low-income women and those in rural areas who may not have the means to travel to states where abortion is still accessible.

Telemedicine and Medication Abortion

Telemedicine has emerged as a crucial tool in maintaining access to abortion services. The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the adoption of telemedicine, and its use in reproductive healthcare has continued to grow. Medication abortion, which involves taking pills to terminate a pregnancy, has become a widely used method, especially in states where surgical abortions are heavily restricted. However, the legality of mailing abortion pills across state lines remains a contentious issue, with ongoing legal battles likely to shape its future availability.

Future Directions and Challenges

Looking ahead, the fight for reproductive rights in the United States is poised to continue with significant intensity. The outcome of the 2024 elections will undoubtedly have a major impact on the direction of abortion laws and access. Key challenges include navigating the complex legal landscape, addressing disparities in access to reproductive healthcare, and responding to the evolving tactics of both pro-choice and pro-life movements.

Potential Federal Legislation

There is ongoing debate about the possibility of federal legislation to either protect or restrict abortion rights. Proponents of federal protection argue that a nationwide standard is necessary to ensure consistent access to reproductive healthcare. Opponents, however, maintain that states should have the authority to regulate abortion according to their constituents’ values and beliefs.

Impact on Other Reproductive Rights

The Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Roe v. Wade has also raised concerns about the potential impact on other reproductive rights, including access to contraception and fertility treatments. Advocates worry that the legal reasoning used to overturn Roe could be applied to challenge these rights, leading to further restrictions on reproductive healthcare.


The overturning of Roe v. Wade by the US Supreme Court has led to a profound transformation in the landscape of reproductive rights in America. With states taking divergent paths on abortion laws, the fight for reproductive freedom has intensified, becoming a key issue in the upcoming 2024 elections. As the nation continues to grapple with the implications of this historic decision, the future of abortion rights remains uncertain, with significant legal, political, and societal battles on the horizon. The resilience and activism of both reproductive rights advocates and opponents will shape the ongoing debate and the accessibility of reproductive healthcare for millions of Americans.

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